Autism or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to a developmental disorder that makes social and behavioral skills challenging for people to hone. ASD is different for everyone, meaning each person might undergo varying types of therapies that adhere to their needs. Autism therapy can improve communication, motor, and social skills. There are some differences between different types of therapy. For example, if you’re comparing floor–time therapy versus ADA, ADA focuses on behavior while floor–time therapy is based on emotional connections. Here are some autism therapies you need to know about in 2023 to support a loved one with autism.
Applied Behavior Analysis
Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is a form of therapy that aims to increase positive and helpful behaviors and decrease problematic behaviors. ABA therapy generally involves one-on-one sessions between a client and a practitioner, improving positive behavioral skills by using interventions based on learning principles. One portion of ABA therapy includes transferring learned behaviors to new environments, helping children adapt to numerous locations, and honing their skills through physical practice. Other methods implemented in ABA feature positive reinforcement and consequence enforcement. Good behavior receives rewards, while negative and unhelpful behaviors receive repercussions. Although there are no age requirements for applied behavior analysis therapy, early intervention often proves more effective. In addition to ABA therapy for autism, speech therapy also helps with language and communication.
Speech therapy for autism is also common. One of the primary and most common developmental challenges people with autism face is struggles with communication. Speech therapy is designed to address challenges people face with language and communication. Its goal aims to equip patients with non-verbal skills, alternative methods of communication, and improved spoken-verbal communication. By providing numerous communications tools, speech therapy allows people with autism to find their preferred method of expression.
Play therapy may not be a certified form of therapy, but it is a form of therapy that has proven very beneficial. Similar to floor time therapy, play therapy helps people with autism discover their interests and strengthen their relationships with others. As people with autism discover and develop their likes and dislikes, the therapist uses those interests to build skills and moments of communication. Therapists encourage those with autism to share and talk about their interests with their parents or other children, building foundations for relationships and helping them develop communication skills.
Autism can affect motor skills, and hippotherapy can be beneficial. Hippotherapy is a form of physical, cognitive, and speech therapy for patients with autism. It is a therapeutic technique that actively engages patients. Hippotherapy for autism engages neuromotor, sensory, and cognitive skills through the movements of horses. Various riding activities are often paired with brain-building activities that improve numerous skills simultaneously. Some practices will use actual horses, and others use a horse simulation.
Therapy helps people with autism improve and build skills that they find naturally hard to develop. It provides them with the right tools to use in their daily life, enhancing their relationships and experiences. With this list of autism therapies you need to know about in 2023, you can help support your loved ones flourish through another year and learn more about themselves in a treatment that best suits them. To learn more hippotherapy, contact us or explore our blogs.